Sunday, September 24, 2017

Sept 24 (Sn) 2017 Mrs. Kaepernic: "Guess that makes me a proud bxxxh."

Xena Crystal LC Huang

Among all the responses from the sport entrepreneurs, sport politicians, and significant individuals, guess: which one is the most powerful ?

NFL, NFLPA respond to President Trump's anthem comments
"The NFL and NFLPA showed supports for players and players' rights following remarks made by President Donald Trump condemning player protests.

The NFL and NFLPA showed support for players and players' rights following remarks from President Donald Trump, who while speaking at a political rally on Friday, said NFL fans should boycott games and team owners should fire players who fail to stand for the national anthem prior to games.
"The NFL and our players are at our best when we help create a sense of unity in our country and our culture," NFL Commissioner Roger Goodell said in a statement released Saturday morning. "There is no better example than the amazing response from our clubs and players to the terrible natural disasters we've experienced over the last month. Divisive comments like these demonstrate an unfortunate lack of respect for the NFL, our great game and all of our players, and a failure to understand the overwhelming force for good our clubs and players represent in our communities."
NFLPA Executive Director DeMaurice Smith released this statement Saturday morning:
"The peaceful demonstrations by some of our players have generated a wide array of responses. Those opinions are protected speech and freedom that has been paid for by the sacrifice of men and women throughout history. This expression of speech has generated thoughtful discussion in our locker rooms and in board rooms.
"However, the line that marks the balance between the rights of every citizen in our great country gets crossed when someone is told to just 'shut up and play.'
"NFL Players do incredible things to contribute to their communities. NFL Players are part of a legacy of athletes in all sports who, throughout history, chose to be informed about the issues that impact them and their communities. They chose -- and still choose today -- to do something about those issues rather than comfortably living in the bubble of sports. Their decision is no different from the one made by countless others who refused to let 'what they do' define or restrict 'who they are' as Americans."
The responses came after Trump said, "Wouldn't you love to see one of these NFL owners, when somebody disrespects our flag, to say, 'Get that son of a bitch off the field right now, out, he's fired. He's fired!' You know some owner is going to do that. He's going to say, 'That guy disrespects our flag; he's fired.' And that owner, they don't know it. They're friends of mine, many of them. They'll be the most popular person, for a week. They'll be the most popular person in this country."

Few owners have said anything publicly about players not standing for the anthem or making other gestures -- such as raising a fist during the playing of the anthem -- since free-agent quarterback Colin Kaepernick didn't stand during a Week 3 preseason game in 2016. Kaepernick said he's standing in protest of what he felt was unfair treatment of minorities by law enforcement and the legal system. Several players, like Seattle defensive end Michael Bennett and Eagles safety Malcolm Jenkins, have continued anthem protests initiated by Kaepernick, and have said they are doing so for the same reasons as Kaepernick did.
On Saturday, New York Giants owners John Mara and Steve Tisch issued the following statement:
"Comments like we heard last night from the president are inappropriate, offensive and divisive. We are proud of our players, the vast majority of whom use their NFL platform to make a positive difference in our society."
Miami Dolphins owner and founder of Ross Initiative in Sports for Equality (RISE) Stephen Ross said the following via a statement:
"Our country needs unifying leadership right now, not more divisiveness. We need to seek to understand each other and have civil discourse instead of condemnation and sound bites. I know our players who kneeled for the anthem and these are smart young men of character who want to make our world a better place for everyone. They wanted to start a conversation and are making a difference in our community, including working with law enforcement to bring people together. We all can benefit from learning, listening and respecting each other. Sports is a common denominator in our world. We all have the responsibility to use this platform to promote understanding, respect and equality."
San Francisco 49ers CEO Jed York also released a statement on Trump's remarks:
"The callous and offensive comments made by the President are contradictory to what this great country stands for. Our players have exercised their rights as United States citizens in order to spark conversation and action to address social injustice. We will continue to support them in their peaceful pursuit of positive change in our country and around the world. The San Francisco 49ers will continue to work toward bringing communities, and those who serve them, closer together."
Green Bay Packers Packers President/CEO Mark Murphy also released a statement:
"It's unfortunate that the President decided to use his immense platform to make divisive and offensive statements about our players and the NFL. We strongly believe that players are leaders in our communities and positive influences. They have achieved their positions through tremendous work and dedication and should be celebrated for their success and positive impact. We believe it is important to support any of our players who choose to peacefully express themselves with the hope of change for good. As Americans, we are fortunate to be able to speak openly and freely." Teresa Kaepernick, Colin's mother, responded to Trump referring to players as, "Sons of bitches," on Twitter, stating, "Guess that makes me a proud bitch."

3 You, Xena Crystal LC Huang and Jenny Simpson

Xena Crystal LC Huang   Sports reflect social class...? In this case, secretly, I'd better like figure-skating, while openly, I have to watch the national sport -football for many non-personal reasons . What a sport cognitive dissonance!
Wanna know who responded powerfully?

Like · Reply · 2 · 13 mins · EditedRemove

Xena Crystal LC Huang
I respect Colin's mother deeply:
Mrs. Kaepernic, responded to the most powerful man in the world (plus a little bit wiser than the N.Korea's) referring to players as, "Sons of bitches," on Twitter, stating, "Guess that makes me a proud bitch."

Like · Reply · 2 · 27 minsRemove

Xena Crystal LC Huang An old poster made last year as a teaching material.

Saturday, September 23, 2017

Sept. 23 (Sa) 2017. What happened in Crystal's Art Appreciation Class, today?

September 2017: Summering Fall

Arts/Club Fair, Feline Majesties, and the Lambeau Field
...../\„,„/\.......//^ ^\\ Live simply
...( =';'= )....(/(_•_)\) Speak kindly
..../" * * "\...._/'' * ''\_ Care deeply
....(,,,).(,,,)....(,,,)^(,,,) and Love completely
願您 慈悲為薪, 智慧如火. Happy birthday to you!! 092317 (Sa)

Add Photos / Videos
Choose a file to upload

18 You, 吳思蜜, Rachel Moser and 15 others

Xena Crystal LC Huang Pam ( Chair of Sociology Department of UW-EC), professors: Ellen (UW-EC), Jennifer (CVTC), Sean (UW-EC/CVTC) ad I (CVTC) attended Naomi Tutu's talk at the Schofield Auditorium after a nice gathering at the Mona Lisa.
Here is the highlight of Naomi Tutu's talk:

Like · Reply · 3 · 57 mins · EditedManage

Xena Crystal LC Huang Series#5 "What happened in Crystal's Art Appreciation (Introduction to Visual Art) class, today?"
In my diversity classes, always a small group of students dislike the race theme (not much fuss about class, ethnicity, gender, sexuality, ableism, and their intersections), in particular, related to history of "Race" (OR slavery). A tough subject matter SINCE "2016", though I started teaching/facilitating this course in 2006, till now, in the Midwest region.
On the other hand, a different scenario:
This fall semester, 37% of the current enrollees in the Art Apprefciation class have taken my Sociology before.
The intersections of Visual Arts and Sociology created an interesting phenomenon on Sept 22 (F) art vs. society discussion.

Confederate monument removed by one Kentucky city finds another home
Cities around the country are grappling with…

Like · Reply · Remove Preview · 12 mins · EditedManage

Xena Crystal LC Huang Continued the above, original pedagogical design was to do group-role-playing (take on the role of the 3 city-mayors' of Kentucky (according to the above PBS video, not New Jersey), the descendants of confederate soldiers/generals/veterans, art historians, descendants of slavery, local residents, and as an art student so far learned from this class, in particular, tied to the purposes and functions of art: delight, commemoration, worship/rituals, persuasion, commentary, and self-expression). Due to time constraint, we ended up group and individual discussion. Wanna know the conclusion?

Like · Reply · 36 mins · EditedManage

Xena Crystal LC Huang The conclusion was : (Note: I am the only minority who speaks with a cute Taiwanese accent, in terms of race/ethnicity, in this class).
60% saw both sides (or more than 2 perspectives, such as commemoration, persuasion, or "worship"?) of the Charlottesville event.
25% had no opinion,
9% did not answer, and
6% said that the monuments/statues, though pubic arts embedded with history, should be taken down or moved away from the salient sites!!!

Like · Reply · 1 min · Edited

Saturday, September 2, 2017

09-02-2017 (F) An unintended consequence through a casual chat

An unintended consequence through a casual chat ended to this:
What is the deepest root of the domestic and global conflict: Race/ethnicity, Religion, or something else?

Xena Crystal LC Huang·Saturday, September 2, 2017
In a chat with my colleagues yesterday about week one casual events (9/1 F, 2017), ended up with our commonality: race and ethnicity issues (embedded in domestic and global stratification), for we three, are teaching sociology and diversity studies).
I shared my thoughts that Taiwan might not exactly experience “racial” conflict, but much about ethnic clashes/warfare (usually intersecting with socio-economic status). My colleague showed interests to know more about it. In addition to this event, recently, Foxconn’s gigantic deeds have also opened up a window for curiosity about Taiwan. Coincidentally, last night, I found a reflective paper written a while ago, resonating now more than ever, whether in the US, or in the world. Though today,  I might not fully agree to some old thinking addressed in the following paper, I would like to share here with its originality.

A penny for your thoughts, a nickel for your patience, and a quarter for _____________ (ya, no-fluffy stuff, your fill-in-the-blank :)! )


Pedagogy of the Oppressed vs. Oppressors and Taiwan - A Reflective Paper as a Grad Student at University of Minnesota-Twin Cities, 2008


This paper is based on my understanding of Paulo Freire’s Pedagogy of the Oppressed as well as the common perceptions of pedagogy of the oppressor to examine a two-stages colonial state that occurred in Taiwan’s history, in particular, during 1985 to 1945, and subsequently during 1945-1989.
The main point motivating my approach to this topic is due to a small episode happening in our classroom. I heard peers mentioning that Freire’s ideas were vague and seemingly foreign to their experiences. This is understandable for several reasons. There are different languages signifying unique experiences between post-modern societies such as America, and societies where people struggle for the basic human needs on daily basis in the developing and underdeveloped countries. I value Max Weber’s concept of Verstehen, which can mean either a kind of empathetic or participatory understanding of social phenomena. With well-disposed and deep awareness, people can comprehend the situations which they might not have the chance to experience first hand. Furthermore, C. Wright Mills provides his “sociological imagination” or the cognitive transferring to capture the reality which could be alien to the observers or thinkers. Nevertheless, my real life narrative is tied to a vivid history which is ongoing and is timingly value-added to the Verstehen of Freire’s case. In short, the main purpose of this paper is trying to reexamine my understanding from Freire’s perspectives which make more sense to me when I recall things happening in Taiwan in the past and present. And I hope such understanding can be more objective to me, and, probably more sharable with my peers.

The following is a brief socio-cultural contexts to outline such concerns.

A brief Geo-historical contexts of Taiwan

Geo-politically speaking, Taiwan, also known as Formosa,[1] has been noted as a "trouble spot in Asian waters." Historically, Formosa inherits most of its cultural traditions from Mainland China. The Chinese migration to Formosa began in the 16th century. For the most part, settlers came from neighboring mainland provinces of Fukien and Canton. During a four century long isolation from Mainland China under foreign colonizations (e.g., Dutch 1620-64, Spain 1624-42 and Japan 1895-1945), Formosa developed a distinct sociopolitical-cultural identity of her own.
During World War II, two important events influenced the future of Formosa. First, in 1941, Japan bombed Pearl Harbor and intended to use Formosa as a base for a push southward into Indochina. Second, in 1943, the Cairo Declaration by the Allies pledged the restoration of Formosa to China, which would end Japan's half century occupation of Taiwan.

Yet, the Chinese civil war (1945-1949) posed a dilemma in terms of rival claims of the governments of Chiang Kai-shek and Mao Tse-tung. These governments split China into two parts--the conflicting claims of the Kuomitang (KMT) and Chinese Communist Party (CCP).

Since the early 1960s, Taiwan has progressed impressively in terms of economic growth. One significant factor contributing to its success is the last four decades of "political stability." From 1947, when Martial Law was proclaimed, until 1989, a diverse range of social movements and dynamics were totally prohibited. Behind her remarkable economic achievement, a leviathan of control hung over Taiwan's socio-edu-political life.

In the coming section, I borrow Freire’s instruments of oppression of the oppressor correlating to Taiwan’s experiences to illuminate his theories and practices.

A Reflection on Pedagogy of the Oppressed and the Oppressor

Under above socio-cultural contexts, I interwove Freire’s ideas and concepts: conquest, divide and rule, manipulation, and cultural invasion into two stages of events happening in my parents’ generation and my first hand experience (Japan’s occupation transiting to the Nationalist Party’s (KMT) practices on the local Taiwanese people).

Stage one- Japan’s colonization

Freire pointed out that “the conqueror imposed his objectives on the vanquished, and make of them his possession. He imposes his own contours on the vanquished, who internalized this shape and become ambiguous beings: ‘housing’ another. From the first, the act of conquest, which reduces persons to the status of things, is necrophilia” (p.138). These concepts of conquest, ambiguous beings, and necrophilia phenomena can be illustrated by one of the most significant events happening in Taiwan’s history tied to Japan’s developing imperialism:

In reviewing part of the mid 19th century history of Japan, the conspicuous transition was the Boshin War of 1867–1868 which led to the resignation of the Shogunate. Hereafter, the Meiji Restoration established a government centered on the emperor and adopted Western political, judicial and military institution that transformed the Empire of Japan into an industries world power. A consequence of an embarking on a number of military conflicts to increase access to natural resources and human capital was to change the outlook of several Asian countries. Among them was Taiwan.
After victories in the First Sino-Japanese War (1894-1895) and the Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905), Japanese militants seized more power and gained momentum. This conquest asserted the superior of power of Japan over the senile, immobile and deteriorating China’s last dynasty-Ching empire. Taiwan was annexed to Japan under 1895’s Shimonoseki treaty. As a ceded territory, local Taiwanese were reduced into a military-production base for Japan’s further southward actions. Being an oppressed state, the oppression is not only military, or economic, but cultural as Freire mentioned. I vividly remember that my parents gave me a cognitive dissonance when I was a student: I perceived my parents’ favoring Japanese governmental policies which was totally opposite to what I was taught at schools based on the Nationalist KMT’s political ideology (in particular, high school, and university that I attended). Not until as a grown adult later, had I understood my parents’ generation when cultural invasion, hegemony, and manipulation were beyond their comprehension.
In cultural invasion, Freire quoted from Fromm’s analysis that the objective conditions which generate whether in home, such as parent-child relations in a climate of indifference and oppression or of love and freedom, or in a sociocultural context…And the atmosphere of the home is prolonged in the school, and on of the precepts is “not to think” (p.155.) To investigate such statements from my experience, I would admit my generation that this analysis has some validity, but in speaking for my parents’ generation, the issue was not just “not to think”, but with no such “a capacity to think”. I will have more details in the following section.

To be able to think, one of the premises was to expose the learning opportunities. Without learning, knowledge won’t be shared, challenged and disseminated within and between socio-cultural contexts. In real life case was that not only my parents’ generation were not allowed to learn their own language and cultural practices, but also bought into glorified and internalized values, words, belief from the invaders. My father was allowed to have 4 years’ Japanese elementary education and was more or less, unconsciously, assimilated into a Japanese than a Chinese-Taiwanese (made me guiltily thinking of the pejorative term of “Zip Coon - without blackface” , and my eldest sisters and brother who were born during Japanese occupation era have Japanese names (Teroko 照子, Akiko 秋子, and Takeo 武雄) instead of like mine Li-chin (麗琴), a typical Han’s name since I was born much later than my older siblings).

There are enormous examples to allude to those situations. Due to space limits, I use some mundane cases. One of them was that my younger sister was born with a pretty face. My parents would feel a sense of strange pride when friends praised her as cute as a “Japanese doll.” Seemingly, Japanese food was more expensive than that of Taiwanese or well-known Chinese cuisines; kimono was more elegant than our own clothing (even though we know its style was borrowed from China’s Tang Dynasty in the 10th century); Japanese kids were well-educated, well-behaved, smarter, and cleaner than my own folks (even subconsciously we are aware that we are much outsmart to Japanese). Such an internalized mixed inferior-superior complex was fostered via visible and invisible cultural domination through the colonial state.

In the rule and divide section, Freire provided his insight in the following statement, “As the oppressor minority subordinate and dominates the majority, it must divide and keep it divided in order to remain in power. The minority cannot permit itself the luxury of tolerating the unification of the people, which would undoubtedly signify a serious threat to their own hegemony” (p.141, 2000). In relating to the divide and rule to ensure the invader’s continuous domination, the local Taiwanese were selected by the royalty or submission to the Japanese magistracy. Certain “valuable” Taiwanese families were allowed a small quota to enter into Japanese high school and to emulate Japanese ways of life. Their Japanese diplomas would grant them better life chances to obtain office jobs, for example, being police officers (a hot job) who in terms guarded against their own people. The rest of Taiwanese people with good healthy conditions were sent into basic Japanese elementary schools, in particular boys, who, in the long run were the main productive force for Japan’s southward and source of military drafts. Women like my mother, who were in the low SES status never got a chance to go to elementary school, except a small group of daughters from the elite Taiwanese families. 95% of Women were encouraged to reproduce more offspring, in particular, boys, which reinforced the gender ideology that males were more valuable who could serve the grand destiny for the Japanese Emperor. The rice/food ration was given according to the children being reproduced. My parents ended up having 10 children without specific life skill, education, training or other life chances to survive.

But an even more perplex condition was yet to come which happened right after 50 years’ Japanese colonization. Ironically, the most horrendous blood shedding did not occur under the alien’s oppression but in the hands of her folks. Such cultural dissonance and tragedy is another variation of the post-colonial state where the colonial masters’ retreat created power vacuum or cultural dissonance between the newly dominant group and the old world practice.

Stage Two – The Tragedy of Taiwan

After Japan’s surrender at the end of World War II, meanwhile, Mao’s political power overshadowed Chiang Kai-shek’s Nationalist government. The Chinese’ civil war created another a peculiar stage of domination and hegemony on Taiwan under a complicate socio-political contexts.

After 50 years’ hegemonic enculturation from Japan, Taiwanese lived under a double consciousness- on the one hand, Japan presented herself as a well-organized powerful regime, which deserved some credits in constructing Taiwan’s early stage of industrialization. On the other hand, and she was a foreign invader depleting both natural and human resources from Taiwan. No one could forget that sporadic uprising and minor rebellions was ruthlessly oppressed by Japanese government in early stage of subjugation on Taiwanese people.

The Nationalist Chinese governments retreated to Taiwan to take over Japanese’s leftovers gave local people a complex hope that the “mother country” would take care of this “Asia’s orphan,” heal those unspeakable wounds, and live a better life in the future. However, what happened as quite opposite and unexpected. The defeated Chinese government by Mao’s communist party led more than one million ill-equipped, weary soldiers and various rank and files living under Chiang’s promise – bring them back to China with future prosperity. Taiwan again, became another spring board for a promise that returning to China was the hope for those followers of Chiang.

50 years of Japan’s domination and culture invasion might not be successfully altering Taiwanese’s mind, but the legacies and influence did happen on local people. For instance, the early Nationalist government realized that Mandarin/Chinese would not be more communicable than Japanese, thus most government news, documents had to be promulgated in Japanese or bilingually. The Taiwanese acted and behaved more like the disliked and hated Japanese from the Nationalist Chinese’s point of view. Unavoidably, the suspicion and miscommunications derived from language barriers, mixed norms and values between China-mainlanders and local Taiwanese culminated in the February 28th 1947 massacre maneuvered by the Nationalist government on local 20,000 Taiwanese elites and dissents who demanded more cultural understanding and political autonomy. (Note, as today - 9/1, 2017, I read this old paper, some new lights and discoveries found or published by other scholars since the massacre, though without controversies, I would like to add here: the Japan’s involvement after she left Taiwan, and the infiltrators engaging in inciting insurgence from Communists of China and Taiwan. More research can be done in this regard).

After the atrocity, the art of “white terror” was enforced on the Island. The Martial law was enacted. And the most powerful social institution was proved to be the most effective hegemonic instrument which was education, played the outstanding role in confining intellectual activities under the name of national security and confronting the Communist China. The pronged approaches were exercised. One of the prongs was that all the Japanese and Taiwanese languages and cultural events were not allowed to speak or practiced in public. Many storied had been told that Taiwanese kids were severely punished and publicly humiliated by school teachers and administrators (mainly were China mainlanders) for their treasons or unpatriotic behaviors by speaking Japanese and Taiwanese or acting like ones. The other prong was about the super banking curriculum designed to reclaim China and to indoctrinate the detestation toward Communism China and Japan. The curriculum and instruction was fully condensed and aligned with the Nationalist Party’s ideology. Taiwanese students were taught to fight and scarify for the great cause of “the recovery the lost land of China”, and one of such effects was my joining the military right after my graduation from National Taiwan University – a quality education opportunity did not mean to employability (plus I was an inexperienced young woman) under the rampant favoritism and nepotism practice at that time, except the door opened up to being the war zone machine Thus responding to the calling of patriotism (Taiwan’s membership in the United Nation was replaced by China during the Nixon to the Carter presidencies) enthused by Nationalist government’s policy to ensure my parents who could have health care and medication accessibility became my one way ticket. Beyond my own small world, in the larger society, the intellectual activities, newspaper agencies, social organizations were under scrutinized in the name of Marital Law which was sanctioned right after the February 28th local uprising, 1947 (this social upheaval was a research topic of my theses, published at UW-Madison).

Under such a Banking system, my generation learned the most detailed information about China (music, art, history, geography, philosophy, literature, politics and economics…etc.) but meagerly know about what the Taiwan was, is, and will be. The China mainlander were portrayed as social elites due to majority of them under Chiang’s promise granted the prominent social-economic positions that used to belong to Japanese’s rank and files in Taiwan. These social elite statuses mainly clustered in the educational systems, government officialdom, military, and state owned industries. Thus the top 4 social institutions were under the Nationalist’s control: education, government, military, and economy.

In the previous section, I mentioned a perplex of mine - why my parents paradoxically preferred Japanese government’s treatment to the Nationalist’s, even though they were fully understanding it was a repressive foreign regime. Here is one episode to provide some explanation to the choice of the less evil, even thought it sounded like an impossible joke! In the Japanese occupation era, the more children were produced, the more food ration was given- what a “great” policy! Under Nationalist regime, due to the heavy military build-ups to fight against Communist China, the overloaded taxes were imposed on local Taiwanese farmers, workers and businessmen. One of such taxes was on the headcounts in a household- the more people in a room, the heavier tax the household head had to pay. I vividly remember how my father was constantly intimidated by the Mainland China policemen and had to escape from the arrests, and then they just came into our shanty house lived with three generations, searching any meager things left at home. Nobody questioned that there was no food on the table, no education, skills, and jobs available to have an income for the 10 children, grandparents and some young uncles and aunts. My parents just had no energy to feed so many stomachs, not to mention to pay all kinds of taxes! It was a déjà vu of the peasants in the medieval feudaldom, or workers in the newly industrialized England.

Freire’s remarks on the oppressor who cannot permit or tolerate the solidarity the subjugated people because it signified a serious threat to their own hegemony reminds my school days. I vividly recall if some students wanted to organize study groups, they had to report the security agencies for approval and under necessary surveillance. Many rumors and speculations about several professors and social dissents who dared to criticize the government were mysteriously disappeared from our campus – the major mental power plant of this country – National Taiwan University. Under the white terror, most civilians were aware that there were “professional/secret agents” similar to America’s CIAs and FBIs or KGBs residing in major universities and research institutes. The mission of the culture of silence was completed. And this is what I meant the high human cost in order to reach “stability”/status quo in exchange the economic growth as the totalitarian policy proclaimed.

Today I still can exactly remember my mother’s anxiety (grew up from the culture of fear) with tears in her eyes when I was heading for the U.S. to study sociology after I won a full scholarship via a 3 days’ national competition (in particular, on “social movements” as part of my social psychology discipline). She wanted me to promise her never to get involved with any politics and never say anything “inappropriately” – just “not to think” for the safety’s sake (as I mentioned she was never allowed to have a day of formal education. She could neither read nor write but love). As Freire’s remarks “Manipulation, like the conquest whose objectives it serves, at attempts to anesthetize the people so they will not think” (p.149, 2000).


Due to space limit, this narrative presents a small part of my lived experience and observations scaffolded by Freire’s concepts depicted in the book- Pedagogy of the Oppressed. It is also subject to my personal biased even under my own careful self scrutiny. My resonance to his thoughts, obviously, is quite strong. The Taiwanese people endured two significant stages of dehumanized processes echoing Freire’s argument: “Within an objective situation of oppression, antidiological is necessary to the oppressor as a means of further oppression – not only economic, but cultural: the vanquished are dispossessed of their oppression has been limited, anti-dialogue becomes indispensable to its preservation” (p.139, 2000).

I would like to partially adopt Marx’s famous “religion” quote in this conclusion: “’Hope’ is the sigh of the oppressed creature, the heart of a heartless world, and the soul of soulless conditions. It is the opium of the people.” Such a strong hope finally was reified after the Martial Law was lifted in 1987. The dynamic democratic movements took on the next stage of the dialogical pedagogy in Taiwan that has been fostering the resilience for Taiwanese people to achieve socio-economic development in the international community during last two decades.

Thinking of my mother (passed away two and a half year ago) who was never allowed to enter school a day, but with strong “hope” that one day her daughter will become a “female” doctor or professor to preside “social justice” yet with the contradictory notion of wanting the daughter “not to think” too much!!

Finally, I mentioned at the onset of this paper that the main purpose of this paper was to reexamine my understanding from Freire’s perspectives via my recollections of events happening in the past which still have impacts on today’s practice in Taiwan, and hoping such understanding can make more sense to myself, and, could be sharable with peers.

[1] Portuguese sailors, passing Taiwan in 1544, first jotted in a ship's log the name of the island "Ilha Formosa", meaning Beautiful Island. In 1582 the survivors of a Portuguese shipwreck spent ten weeks battling malaria and Aborigines before returning to Macau on a raft (Mateo 2002: 2-9).

Sept. 2 (Sa), 2017 Revised repost - My best wishes: 不敲邊鼓, 不因物喜, 不以己背, 但盼 - 枳逾洋而化為橘, 浅嚐亞吧吃白蓮.

My best wishes: 不敲邊鼓, 不因物喜, 不以己背, 但盼 - 枳逾洋而化為橘, 浅嚐亞吧吃白蓮.
Xena Crystal LC Huang·Friday, August 4, 2017
Several FB friends were interested in Foxconn’s information. I combined and re-edited 2 of my posts into the following article. Some of my personal opinions and biases might not be unnoticeable. A penny for your thoughts:

These days, many economic, political, environmental specialists and pundits as well as relevant stakeholders (never lack of, the heavily interest-vested politicians) speculating, debating and critiquing on a gigantic investment associated with Partisan activities aroused my mixed feeling toward this big deed of a 2nd generation Chinese-immigrant in Taiwan (my native country) - TechGiant Mr. Terry Gou, 郭臺銘 ( who was raised and educated in Taiwan).

The highlight of this $10 Billion dollars' bid for the first 4 years' LCD tech project of the 鴻海富士康 Foxconn - A Hybridized Taiwanese-Chinese high tech super-enterprise, is mainly, EyE-ing on Wisconsin (夲卅, my current home state). This type of reversed global politic-economic Power hierarchy in the mega-magnitude of enterprising is nothing new. It happened to Japan, then Korea. Will see the new drama of the old script (旧瓶倒新酒, 老劇重演). The commonality of these business-industrial-complexes is that they all tightly connect with WWII, Korean War, Vietnam War, and the rest of induced global stratification.

Foxconn, making a great fortune from China, a product of the invasive globalization, was nurtured by the technocratic Capitalistic-Communism, and a by-product of neo-colonialism revives from the ashes of an ancient burnt phoenix.

Both the architect and victim of the world-wide globalized doctrine, the gigantic business success and the socioeconomic/environmental issues (including internal and external - in China) were well documented.

Concerning all the excitements, salvation, skepticism, and “the risky political philanthropy” toward this massive deed of a politic-economic transaction (大手筆), I bestow a tiny wish to this event: 不敲邊鼓, 不因物喜, 不以己背, 但盼 - 枳逾洋而化為橘, 浅嚐亞吧吃白蓮.

(Note:以下膩耳的衷言, 就用中文寫吧, 也許可少被耵上 ? 这貼著張無辜黃臉皮的教書匠, 旣非權势富商貴胄, 也非諾貝爾獎得主, 更非閃星學閥名嘴異流, 在當朝 (州) 黃綠($)色恐佈之下, 少說兩句 ( 鄉愿也...尚未退出江[教] 湖 - [或糊口的糊]), 気色可能會好些? 能避點嫌就避吧! 烏龜爬门檻地一字一字小心地刻... 表達 “籠統瞹昧”, 多包涵!)

不論統獨/不統不獨, 努力希望挺台灣: 良心話, 一點觀 -

實力加銭势, 因势利導, 營造國际型像 ( 臺灣 vs. 中共, 然, 此案似是糖衣臺灣手牽抱著琵琶半遮的中共, 並走私挾帶日夲), 投資跨國経濟公(私) 益, 比花銭打肉包子小犬外交, 來得看得見與實際. (但幕後四個參與者的政財經意圖, 與政治取向 - 各懷 ”瑰” 胎, 那就見人見智了).

臺灣目前的國际型像, 尤其在環境與動物保育, 人權伸張, 與民主運作上, 是比彼岸來得好一點, 就因如此, 这筆 "深奥" (臺灣, 中共, 美國, 加上威卅之間的八腿探戈) 的生意, 难逃李代桃薑, 或或瓜田李下之嫌.

持平之論, 的確不容易, (不是大陸, 也非台灣. 入此”民主共和” 型的狼犲虎穴, 小心喲). 新牺牲, 旧策略, 日夲韓國都做过. 只是太寵坯一群群一票票, 养尊処優的無奈生靈.

當利字当头, 他们 “會搞不清” 臺灣 vs. 中共, 以致於魚目混珠, 掛羊头賣狗肉, 反正也無所謂, 只要把銭, 不管是幾鬼搬運, 來買學位綠卡的也好, 來鍍層金銀好招咬壯騙 (騙, 這個字有兩部分?) 的也好, 养二奶, 包三奶, 當寓公寓婆, 享受美國只此一家別無分號的孤寂無奈的也好, 淘空自己國家老夲, 投资美式桃花源當武陵遊魂的也好, 隔洋嘆唱後庭花的也好, 對洋精神喊話也好, 打玩政經牌的也好, 自甘楚犲晉佣 (筆者大槪也难逃此嫌, 那怕是非才蒙嫌的??..) 是最好 - 只要好處通通給 我弄進來就対了...這可能是美國之所以美的主因之一吧?

Well, 你怎麼說...有奶就是娘, 有銭就叫爹, 有銭可使大鬼玩大磨.

这就是有國家(尤其是 ”壓吧” 型) 的人的可愛処之一吧....?

進一步而言, 深入狡虎穴, 謀取小羊皮, 除非是政治投資急切, 以及其他非科技謀利考量, 或者從事"政治慈善事业", 這無非是威州史無前例一椿異举!!

切記 : 此地的 CEOs不愛/敢用本地的工人(視他们為"超級耗油的灯". 絕對不會像是廉價好欺負的大陸勞工, 也沒有在大陸時的語言文化障礙), 他们 無情的遣散夲地藍領階級工人, 以及當朝(卅) 壓制有工会的白領職工, 常是驚心動魄的頭條新聞. 自從 70s-80s 迄今, 大資夲家把工廠大量外移出走到第三世界, 攫取贫窮國家的廉價勞力與資源, 造成美國內部 (尤其是威卅) 過去十幾年產业蕭條, 惡化國內國際贫富不均, 間接滋养境內外無知疾病動亂的溫床, 這是有目共睹的事實.

這些有"侍" 無恐, 老神在在, 嗜利如血的资本家 (除了有"良心,社會責任"的, 幾何??) , 感染與受制於超級草莽達爾文- 资本主義毀滅性的本质, 利字當头, 捨生取利, 飛蛾撲火似地盲目生產, 刺激無奈無知蒼生無止尽的過度消費與超級浪費, 影響地球生態失恆. 這是大家聴腻了的慣語.

眾所週知, 夲卅的卅長以鐵腕打壓勞工/工運, 與剝削教育经費的超级典型共和黨资夲主義作風而名噪一時, 並被富商/大型资本家相中, 視為一顆好用的政治棋子, 一反威卅 長期辛勤建造的 Progressive State 國际型像. 再者, 中期選舉與改選 逐漸逼近, 是难掩司馬昭之心. 言帰正傳, 基夲可预見的勞資糾葛, 再加上老生常彈的環保爭論, 將是這件奇異買賣的核心論點與呼之可出的問題.

美國政治鬧劇日日連番上演, 也許 - 此番"沆瀣一氣", 也是把戲碼多加一椿?

Friday, August 25, 2017

Aug. 25 (F), 2017 Which Big brother on what political spectrum?

Welcome myself back to the FB (facebook, or FaBulous) business world!!

With a positive perception toward FB, the dominant social media, I am wondering if you also got the FB company's thoughtful PG13 tutelage regarding  how to use FB's utilities and properties properly? Perhaps, I have been working so hard for being a volunteer (ya, no-pay worker) to this company at such a "young" age, I received this care : not to use "certain" type of hillbilly language (politic-economic uncouth? in terms of not being elegant, kind and submissive enough to the dominant, over-privileged interest groups?) expression for your academic thoughts
- if I interpreted it properly.

Sometimes, you need to take an FB hiatus or set "Me Only" to my posted pieces to ponder what a tough task to be a rational, value-free, brave, elegant, kind, submissive, and hillbilly academic...

But, maybe, you don't have to be a classic libertarian to feel over-saturated, or become numb to these realities:

Though, never lack of controversies, Snowden, and the Fifth Estate (WikiLeaks), both movies and realities depicting the chilling facts of the super-power of the Big brother's surveillance on individuals, societies and the whole world, in the name of safety, were horrifically frightening. The gloomy, depressing, and dystopian reality has never been more menacing than before. Orwell's 1984 reincarnated vividly and reinforced by the social media (not all) and the ending-nowhere technologies (again, not all), the tyrannical, omnipresent threats on individuals and societies have created the postmodern bio-socio-psycholgoical "PTSD-ANOMIEs" to the innocent people (including, the creative) and societies.

All these well designed thought-warfare and sophisticated devices were created for whose best interests? What safety at whose cost? What about the rest of the intended and unintended consequences on human psyche? When giving up the final freedom, what safety (both mental and physical) does one get? Why?

Are you still thinking of or dreaming about the phantom luxury of "academic freedom" or "protecting the 1st Amendment" from both the left and right wings of politic-economic ideologies? What about making a tea-cup in the tempest?

Finally, here is the fun part of this post: Pop-Quiz for today:
How does the Almighty Big Brother wield the magic wand of surveillance to "harmonize" the conflict rooted in the domestic and global racial tensions, religious disparities, and the global inequality?

4 You, Marcie Bakker, Mary Brown and Jenny Simpson

Xena Crystal LC Huang I could understand the diligent surveillance of the FB's unique 1st Amendment under such a dynamic political-environment to avoid any legality.

Like · Reply · 1 · 52 mins · EditedManage

Xena Crystal LC Huang Wooow, well well well, just now, the FB supervisor reinstated the "share" button. Could It prove that the above posts were not hillbilly enough ? - Great!

Like · Reply · 1 · 51 mins · EditedManage

Xena Crystal LC Huang Yes, FB confiscated the "share" button of some of my posts below, which were written when my brain could function. After "proper communications", the FB supervisor, later, reinstated my free-paid job for this company :)! In this case, I shut down the most "in-valuable ones" for "Me Only" to make FB a useful storage.

Like · Reply · 1 min · Edited

Aug. 25 (F), 2017. Dominant vs. Non-dominat Accents

Xena Crystal LC Huan ·

...../\„,„/\.......//^ ^\\ Live simply
...( =';'= )....(/(_•_)\) Speak kindly
..../" * * "\...._/'' * ''\_ Care deeply
....(,,,).(,,,)....(,,,)^(,,,) and Love completely
- 願您 慈悲為薪, 智慧如火. Happy birthday to you!! 082517 (F).

Celebrating the kicking off of the fall semester.

LikeShow more reactionsCommentShare
7 You, 吳思蜜, Steven Deckelman and 4 others

Xena Crystal LC Huang The best fall 2017 in-service/professional development Keynote speech that I have ever had since 2003 when I started teaching Social Science at the Chippewa Valley Technical College, presented by professor Tony Holland on “A Holistic Instructional Approach (I-CAN) to Closing the Student Achievement Gap” on Aug. 23 (W) of the first day of In-service.

LikeShow more reactions · Reply · 1 · 44 mins · EditedManage

Xena Crystal LC Huang  It is the caring heart, enthusiasm, genuineness, and the deeply relevant quality with rich contents that made the whole speech outstanding and inspiring! This was the first time, too to prove that a great speaker did not have to enunciate with the "standard" Midwest Accent to inspire people :D! It made me think of a topic: "The Diversity of Dominant vs. Non-dominant Accents" in the contemporary American society and the rest of the world.

Words for pondering -  The status of a language and her accent is defined by the socio-economic power embedded in it. - Xena LCH.

LikeShow more reactions · Reply · 1 · 31 mins · EditedManage

Xena Crystal LC Huang What a brand new semester with all sorts of energy and optimism! I am fully recharged and ready to go for the coming Monday 8/28 - the first day of the fall semester at CVTC. I will teach/facilitate Art Appreciation, Contemporary American Society, Diversity Studies, and Sociology in the face to face, hybrid, and online delivery formats (including outside class feline bedtime story reading, Meow-Haiku, and Pheline-losophy),

LikeShow more reactions · Reply · 2 · 24 mins · EditedManage

Xena Crystal LC Huang Xena Crystal LC Huang

I started happily daydreaming (never the nightmare)- how extremely dynamic and superbly interesting it could be in my coming up Art Appreciation and Diversity studies classes..... I have to appreciate the nourishment of this great political climate!

LikeShow more reactions · Reply · 12 mins · Edited

Saturday, August 5, 2017

Aug. 5 (Sa) 2017. Diversity Study does not include the outer-space species, Yet.

Good news too : ready to submit the grade of my summer online Diversity Studies course. Time to do some real cooking, singing, and dancing!!!
Xena Crystal LC Huang
Xena Crystal LC Huang

Among 6 major themes and their inter-secionality of this course: race, ethnicity, class, gender, sexuality (identity, orientation, fluidity...etc.), and disability, the Race theme is always the most "obvious", controversial, and challenging one, while the class theme is the invisible, intangible, almost "non-existing" to be grasped... 

Not to mention when 2, 3, or 6 the above themes/dimensions - for better or worse, intertwine onto an individual, or a group of people....? Can you imagine?

That's one of the reasons why this well-intended and inspiring proverb:  "God helps those who help themselves" - can be a source of the "Strict Father" Ideology ( this term, borrowed from George Lakoff's term in Moral Politics-How Liberals and Conservatives Think). This motto inspires and advises children and adults all over the world, in particular, when related to "social programs".... To be self-sufficient, self-reliance, living in a "strong" life style in human societies,  obviously, is all sorts of social institutions' optimal expectations.

Thinking of the admirable Hellen-Keller, or Steve-Hawkins, who has one or two dimensions of "diversity themes" (the former, white, female, disability, not-a-have-not-class, and the latter, male, disability, not-a-have-not-class), their personal efforts and talent are respectable, but their success might also imply the power of the nurturing environment enhancing their life chances. There are increasing Diverse population according to the demographic trends, though not everyone could reach Keller or Hawkins' success, who does not want to live a normal life like most people do?

In my Diversity Studies classes, we either imagine (ya, sociological imagination) or just use the real life examples to comprehend some human beings' difficult conditions, in particular, those born-with, to grasp the deeper level of the "inter-sectional" issues. We analyze the various social roles and statuses which are ascribed (born with or involuntarily assume, that affect the later life chances, and why the social policy is necessary in a civilized society) such as, a colored-poor-disable-GLBTQAmember-female, a colored-poor-disable-Muslin-male, a first-generation-low social class-with language barrier-atheist-overweight-nonstraight-female, an exconvit-poor-colored-male...and so on, even though they occupy not the major part of human population. Yes, the so-called marginalized groups, or simply put, the minority of the minority.

(Note: A decade ago I started teaching this course during its prime, which had enjoyed a great success, and then the sweetness turns into different types of flavors under the vicissitude of the political climate...- just a "sentimental opinion" of mine...)
Marcie Bakker
Xena Crystal LC Huang
Xena Crystal LC Huang Marcie, you got it  (and the inter-sectional theme too)- we are happily living in a "classless" USA :D! Or put in this way: we are just all "Middle Class" - the same as our President's and his family members'.
Marcie Bakker
Marcie Bakker I need to find that part of the USA.
Xena Crystal LC Huang
Xena Crystal LC Huang Religions, languages, ancestries,
political affiliation and "species from the outerspace"...etc. are not included into this course - YET !

Xena Crystal LC Huang Diversity in action at the workplace !

People/students have the "Constitutional Rights" to believe in human-exclusion, anti-diversity, and anti-multiculturalism based on their upbringing, religions, locality, media, political affiliations...and so on just like those who would see things differently in the classroom, for which is part of Diversity, EXACTLY.

These exciting and challenging events regarding "diversity studies" happen frequently during semesters.

Wanna know what's going on in these interesting classroom dramas? ..... Well, I'd better leave to your imagination :)!

Aug. 5 (Sa), 2017. What causes the snail without shell? 追尋有巢氏...

A thought on Taiwan's Housing Movements:

Seemingly, this is an everlasting issue confronting humanity: The wealthy landowners/landlords, (not including the ownership with proper land-stewardship for the needs and well-being of the most people), most of them own the lands via inheritance, conquering/invasion, land-speculation, or practicing renter-ism to make huge profits with minimum efforts from the haves-not (reminding me of some vivid descriptions in the book "Evicted"). The major issues caused by this phenomenon are housing problems, poverty, and social instability globally.

This is one of the most severe types of socio-economic inequality/inequity ever existing on this planet.

Taiwan, no exception! The irony is that most governments , in particular, super-Captialism moocher (indeed, respecting the humongous private properties, protected by the RICHly written constitution), sitting on the bench to allow it to happen, if not being the culprits, while Communism has been much ado about something...

LikeShow more reactionsCommentShare
6 You, Mary Brown and 4 others

Xena Crystal LC Huang My baby-sister who passed away last summer, was one of the victims, being a shell-less snail, enduring the brutal renter-ism for a long time in Taiwan...

LikeShow more reactions · Reply · 9 mins · EditedManage

Xena Crystal LC Huang I barely escaped it when I was young in Taipei many years ago.

LikeShow more reactions · Reply · 30 minsManage

Xena Crystal LC Huang There are several housing movements going on in Taiwan. I got this site, as an example
Non-Governmental Organization (NGO)

20 talking about this

LikeShow more reactions · Reply · 1 · 21 mins · EditedManage

Xena Crystal LC Huang Just found one of my old posters -

LikeShow more reactions · Reply · 11 mins
Xena Crystal LC Huang 支持有巢氏運動, 倒不是眷念生不帶來死去的脚下方寸之地, 而是不忍坐視迄这亙古以來最残酷的人類不平的事実...
Like · Reply · Just now · EditedManage

Xena Crystal LC Huang I found an old FB Notes posted last year:

Xena Crystal LC Huang
February 26, 2016 ·
02/26/16 (F) How to Earn The Identity of Landownership: This is your land – the reality of “有土斯有財” vs. the myth of “住者有其屋”

My NTU classmate Steve Chen shared with me a rich message about Madam Chiang Kai-shek/ Soong Mei-ling (蔣宋美齡). She lived in the US after a disappearing political entity built by her husband in Taiwan, and died at age of 106 in 2003 in America. Currently her Long Island mansion was tagged with $1,108 million dollars on the real estate market (the following link provides detailed info about this super-high-end with historically unique-value property. By the way, 大概有人會問: " 是國產呢? 還是黨產?? " ; meanwhile my the other classmate James wrote about housing conditions in Taiwan. These two messages remind of what happened 3 weeks ago when I took a bereavement leave to go back to Taipei to attend my dearest sister's funeral. During the whole week I stayed at my brother Fu's home (where I grew up when I was young with my parents and siblings). Brother Fu is the only sibling among 8, who owns a business and has a financially sound living condition. He always encourages me to go back to Taipei.
(Attached below is a very old picture of our small home lived with extended family members, which my parents purchased in Taipei via my father's selling roasted nuts and fresh fruits. It was remodeled later, and brother Fu and his family, now, are living there).

I casually chatted with him with a joking tone, "If I put all my pensions and some savings together, maybe I could afford a small place to live in Taipei, so I don't have to bother you guys when I visit Taipei..." Brother Fu, seemingly took my words seriously and said, "Ar May-ar (my nickname), let me tell you: I think all of your hard earned money via all of your working and teaching from the US - I have to be honest with you - those savings might not be enough to buy a piece of Brick of a small house in Taipei... So, don't worry, if you decide to come back, you still can choose to stay with us..."
Though just a short chat that might sound so much exaggerated, I took it as a casual conversation, since so far, I am the only sibling that brother Fu and his family deemed as a "valuable" relative. If it were some of my other siblings who might not be financially successful as Fu, then that could be a different story. Definitely, I did not take it as a humiliation, sarcasm, or a typical "anti-intellect" sentiment that once in a while runs through family feuds, because, brother Fu, always expresses his appreciation that I am the only sibling encouraging him during darkest time of his life.
Nevertheless, it was still a shame - I thought about myself.... Many years ago, with 2 pieces of luggage and a big scholarship won through a 3-day National Competition, I landed on the US. I mailed money home whenever I worked, in particular, the amount of the scholarship which I won was from the hard-working Taiwanese taxpayers' money. I decided as long as I launched a job, all the amount of scholarship needed to be returned to Taiwan. So, my dear friends and folks, are you still expecting me becoming a famous professor or a Nobel prize winner some sort like that? Frankly speaking, NOT in my life time- be candid with you guys, because today, I am still paying a couple of mortgages through my teaching pay-checks :)!

Recalling the past, and looking at the current progress, obviously, many contemporary Asian students sent by their parents to America have enjoyed better learning and living conditions.  Since a couple of decades ago, I started teaching at two Universities and currently a Technical College, I have the opportunity to teach and interact with students from Taiwan (the student population in the US have been dwindling drastically, though), China, South Korea, Japan, Hong Kong, Singapore and the rest from Southeast Asia, due to the flourishing economy and rising living standards. Apparently, compared to my early situation as an international student, their patterns of consumption are strikingly shocking to me. For examples, some of my students from the Far-eastern Asia at a previous University that I taught,  purchased new cars with cash, rented the high-end apartments, shopped at personalized stores, and visited their native countries almost every semester. When I was a student at UW-Madison with tight budgeted scholarship, I lived in the co-op to save rent, or got the sublease during summers and winters as the best as I could, looked for car-pools via the kind people who gave you rides to grocery stores, and worked part-time at a couple of libraries and restaurants for buying extra books. The average years of money I saved which allowed me to go back to Taipei was 3.5 years. That's why I always feel awkward when people's kind and casual chatting, "How is your summer/winter break? Did you go back to visit your friends and relatives?"
After graduated from my first school in the US, the jobs that I launched started from seven dollars and twenty cents per hour at a local News agency as ads layout and added with a monthly LifeStyle column. Then I met with some dear old friends from Taiwan, who invested lots of money on the US real estate and resorts, sent their children to the US for education, purchased cars and houses via cash, and are constantly busying in leisure traveling. It could be a sign of economic success in Taiwan at that time.

These are also great temptations to me : why not just quit my teaching job which constantly puts me under tremendous stress and demand as almost the only minority (in terms of racial/ethnic dimension) faculty member among 268 at my current work-setting ??? Thinking of going back to Taiwan, if not staying with my brother's family, then I would be a 100% 無殼蝸牛 (literally, a-snail-without-shell, popularly used in Taiwan, in particular, Taipei) - the landless/ homeless. How could it be and what a funny joke: the knowledge, working experiences with several hard-earned/ "invested credentials" from the US, would lead to such an incredible situation? By the way, a couple days ago I compared the kind-n-wise remarks of Jung with Gates on my blog. If they did say so, not from the mischievous posters, then I found them handy for my self-examining what kind of mistakes were made by my choices. It reminds me of one of the important concepts in sociology which I preach every semester while conflicting with Horatio Alger's "national zeitgeist"  regarding Max Weber’s notion of life-chance.

Understanding the simplicity hidden behind the above two positive and "inspiring" statements, now check with the invisible forces embedded in the human societies that C Wright Mills expounds arduously that without Sociological Imagination the mass will always be trapped in the taken-for-granted world and incapable of understanding the structural dimension of personal predicaments.

Coffin echoes this thought:

Reading smart or wise people's words might make us think why, who and how certain social structures have been so well-maintained and how tough it is to be "re-structured"- by whom and how?
Haven't the philosophers and most of the sociologists only interpreted the world, in various ways; the point is - let somebodies else change it?
Now returning to my key point, being a sociology instructor, whether fortunately or unfortunately, tangoing between academic practice and social reality, I have a wish: any social activists, reformers, or policy makers who dare to put a little bit efforts to tackle the "snail-without-shell" issues, without being labelled as a Saint. or a "brutal" communist , will win my vote or respect.

Regarding this historically man-made disastrous social problem, it happens to me with pains that I am able to manage, can you imagine the suffering of most people who have been trapped in the elephant-in-the-room social structure accepted as their fate?

In short, long time ago when I worked at the Congress (立法院-the Legislative Yuan, later at 行政院-the Executive Yuan) in Taiwan, “住者有其屋” 只當是個有屋有宅, 大廈連雲者的清涼口號. 到如今, 卻是官官相護, 官商勾結的業障... - both in the US. and Taiwan.
Note - If one has to use self-exposure (yes, the tightly guarded, priceless confidentiality) as a final resort to get a message out, then you can image the SEVERITY of the issue - What a big and ill Elephant in the room :)!
他山之石 : In history, lands belonged to monarchs, aristocrats, warlords, churches, and later, the capitalists. Peasants, surfs and proletarians worked on the landowners’ lands/factories. Generally speaking, land reform involves different scales of changing laws, regulations or customs regarding land ownership in "some civilized" societies. History shows that most of the land reforms did not come easily, and oftentimes, the bloody revolts or revolutions were the norm.

 Just browsed through fb friend Andy Tung's post, and found how the Dutch deals with the housing issues:
“荷蘭社會住宅的現況與迷思” By Johanna Huang on October 6, 2014 in 社會 & 文化3

阿姆斯特丹 Wozoco 長青族住宅社區。(圖片來源 在荷蘭有超過三分之一的住宅單位是出租式社會住宅(台灣目前不到 0.1%),發展歷史已超過 150 年,制度上也相對完善,是因為荷蘭政府視居住權為每位公民的基本權利,而且近年來也成為其他國家社會住宅政策發展上的重要借鏡對象。為什麼荷蘭的社會住宅不會成為貧民住宅,也不會成為房地產炒作的工具呢? 其原因可分別從房地產市場、補助政策、成立住宅協會(Housing association)等要素說起,接下來此文將從不同的角度介紹與剖析荷蘭社會住宅的現況。 社會住宅給誰住?社會住宅很便宜嗎? 2013 年底荷蘭將近有 300 萬戶出租住宅,其中約 240 萬戶是社會住宅(註 1),佔全國 40% 的家戶數,有人一定質疑:為什麼一個國家需要興建如此眾多的社會住宅呢?難道荷蘭人需要政府救助的比例這麼高嗎? 以 2015 年為例,社會住宅的出租價格受到政府管制,房租不得超過 711 歐元/月,承租戶年收入則不得高於 34,229 歐元,才有資格申請承租社會住宅(荷蘭人平均年收入 37,876 歐元)。 依照此比例來看,荷蘭人可以申請社會住宅的資格,並非只鎖定在低收入戶和弱勢族群,不同於台灣社會普遍認為,中產階級既有能力負擔一般商業市場的住房。荷蘭政府較早就意識到社會住宅政策受益對象,不應只限定於傳統觀念中需救助的族群,無論是土生土長的荷蘭人或新移民,屬於低收入戶、身心障礙、長青族、單親家庭、社會新鮮人、甚至連ㄧ般家庭只要小孩比較多的,及被認定教育費用支出較高的雙薪家庭,都可在申請範圍內。其實在荷蘭社會住宅的租戶僅有約 5%,是供給無家可歸的人或無經濟來源的人居住。 出租社會住宅的關鍵單位:又是房仲、又是 NGO 的住宅協會 荷蘭社會住宅和ㄧ般房地產的租售市場是分開的,負責出租的單位是「荷蘭住宅協會(Housing Association)」,其擁有社會住宅的產權且負責租賃的服務,雖是不以營利為主要目的法人組織,因此賺來的盈利必須依法用於:增進該社區住宅的品質或空間維護;和社區管委會一起合作,防止社區犯罪、維護整潔、舉辦聯誼派對、維護社區運動休閒設施…等等。 除了能出租社會住宅,「住宅協會」視財務情況可「資金週轉」,將社會住宅出售或買回,售價以臨近的房地產價格為標準。為了避免投資炒作,社會住宅的銷售市場是受到限制的,社會住宅買主想將房地產脫手只能賣給原屬的住宅協會,賣出和買入價差有獲利或虧損由買主和住宅協會對分,這樣可以避免投資客炒作房價。 反觀日前台灣巢運的其中一項訴求:為確保障弱勢團體的居住權利,要求政府提供「只租不賣」的社會住宅;但另一方面,官方單位認為只租不賣的社會住宅,可能造成政府或住宅協會的營運虧損;雙方的衝突點,其實就在於無較健全的法源依據,可設立並規範專職處理社會住宅興建及租售的住宅協會,因此聽起來目前台灣的社會住宅建案,似乎只是創造了另一個讓建商炒房的新興市場。並非說不該開放社會住宅的買賣,但必須有ㄧ套完善的法源規範,才能避免落為投資客的炒房範疇。不過話說回來,在台灣不到 0.1% 的社會住宅比例,的確應該先以提供出租型社會住宅為首要之急。 社會住宅=貧民住宅? 當年荷蘭政府推動社會住宅的其一宗旨就是,為了要避免城市裡出現貧民窟,因此希望提供最基本的住宅單元,讓即便是弱勢居民也能夠住的舒服、健康。政策立意美好,雖然沒有了「貧民窟」,但荷蘭各地卻出現治安不好的「移民社區」(見圖,荷蘭台夫特 60 年代的 Poptahof 住宅社區),住著許多經濟條件相對弱勢的土耳其、摩洛哥、蘇里南裔等新移民戶,這些移民社區和荷蘭「主體社會」間的隔閡,也成為荷蘭甚至歐洲社會很大的問題。

荷蘭台夫特 60 年代的Poptahof住宅社區。(圖片來源 為了解決潛在的族群隔閡問題,荷蘭政府正在有計劃性地改建社會住宅。首先,讓部分社會住宅轉租,作為學生宿舍;其次,新的住宅建案必須結合一般和社會住宅,避免單一族群社區所形成的社會隔閡。 舉例來說,阿姆斯特的住宅社區 GWL-terrain 和鹿特丹的 The Red Apple 複合式住宅建案,都是將社會住宅和都市更新案結合在一起的案例,社區中同時存在社會住宅和一般私宅,外觀上並沒有什麼明顯的差異,這是因為政府透過補助社會住宅承租者的津貼,讓開發商和住宅協會,每月從社會出租住宅和一般出租住宅收取一樣的租金,進而維持住宅協會的營運利潤。

鹿特丹的 The Red Apple 複合式住宅建案。(圖片來源:KCAP Architects & Planners) 人人稱羨的荷蘭社會住宅制度,似乎是台灣值得追求的終極目標,但在這之中其實也充滿了許多迷思,希望此文能帶來些不同的見解,讓大家更深入地了解荷蘭的社會住宅到底是怎麼一回事。 註 1:所謂的社會住宅是由政府補助建造,合乎居住標準的房屋,以低於一般市場租金出租給收入較低或相對弱勢的居民,保障弱勢者的居住權益。
參考資料 1. Whitehead, C., & Scanlon, K. (n.d.). Social Housing in Europe. London: London School of Economics and Political Science. 2. 荷蘭政府網站 3. 再談荷蘭土地與社會住宅政策 4. 盧佳宜社會住宅可行性評估及具體措施

LikeShow more reactions
Xena Crystal LC Huang
Xena Crystal LC Huang Madam Chiang Kai-shek/ Soong Mei-ling 蔣宋美齡 living in the US. after a disappearing political entity built by her husband, died at age of 106 in 2003. Currently her long Island mansion was tagged with $1,108 million dollars on the real estate market (her...See More

LikeShow more reactions
· Reply ·
Xena Crystal LC Huang
Xena Crystal LC Huang 他山之石:

荷蘭有超過三分之一的住宅單位是出租式社會住宅(台灣目前不到 0.1%),發展歷史已超過 150…
Xena Crystal LC Huang Song for today without right-left wing labeling...

Woody Guthrie- This Land Is Your Land
the great Woody Guthrie
Xena Crystal LC Huang
當政府明白指出, 田, 房, 地, 產不是不労而获, 投機快速致富的技倆時 (When a government honestly engages in housing infrastructure (both soft and hardware) and taxation as well as transparently tells her people that landownership is not a convenient mechanism for speculation, for 

greedy profiteering, or for undeserved earning then something happens):

Most Germans don't bother to own a house without Communist Revolutionary Purging on the vast- land owners and Land-Reform Turmoils as happening in China, Cuba, N. Korea, and the rest of regimes.

Most Germans don’t buy their homes, they rent. Here’s why
It's just a fact. Many Germans can't be bothered to buy a…
Like · Reply · Remove Preview · 37 mins · EditedManage

Xena Crystal LC Huang How many Germanic style of Governments exists today...
Xena Crystal LC Huang
Last year, I was back to Taiwan to see my youngest sister who was in severe illness. My elder sister helping me look for a place for a short stay. Then we met a person who owned 12 units of new and spacious apartments in a 24-floor Mansion, was curious if we were interested in anything, (since I was from "America"). This person also has other properties for rent (while most of them were vacant....)

Then I thought about several dear friends of mine in Taiwan, who own vast lands, houses and mansions (most, due to inheritance or land-speculation - 炒地皮) - as expensive as those of Tokyo, while my youngest sister died due to the SSS (Shell-less Snail Syndrome)...

I am not a sour-grape/green eye type of person. I do admire and respect their capacity to own these super expensive commodities in Taiwan, but am also skeptical of the Taiwan's Government, like most of her kind - what she has ever done to the SSS people...
Xena Crystal LC Huang 这是我第一次對心爱的臺灣說重話

Crystal 2015 Curriculum Vitae

Teaching Experience:

Fall 2003 to present, Faculty, teaching Art Appreciation, American Government, Diversity Studies, Psychology, Sociology, and Social Problems via multiple delivery formats (course designer and facilitator for the face to face, online, hybrid, ITV -High School Youth Option, Web-conference, and Accelerated/Evening alternative methods) at the Chippewa Valley Technical College (CVTC)

Spring 2000 to spring 2003, Lecturer, Sociology, University of Wisconsin-Stout

95-97, TA at the Wayne State College, NE

1. Taught “Introduction to Visual Arts” sections
2. Assisted Design, and Painting studio courses
3. Conducted workshop for Information Literacy and Library Automated System

Professional Experience:

2000 to 2003,
adviser of Undecided Student Advisement Program, UW-Stout

1999 to 2000, program coordinator at the Undecided Student Advisement Office,

College of Arts and Sciences, UW-Stout

Nov.1997 to Jan.1999, Computer Layout Specialist in the Composing Department and

lifestyle columnist in the Editorial Department of the Dunn County News, Menomonie, WI

1992-93, library assistant, UW-Madison

Civil Servant:

1. Congressional aide at the Legislative Yuan (首屆立法院 國會助理 Congress of Taiwan), Taipei

Job including: coordinating election campaigns, Congressional speech writer and serving constituencies.

2. Taiwan-China policy researcher at the Executive Yuan (大陸工作會報 - 陸委會前身 of the Central Government), Taipei.

1. Journalist at the Ta Hwa Evening News, Taipei.

2. Cultural/English tour guide at the Ministry of
Transportation, Taipei, Taiwan.

3. Military educator, and English/Japanese instructor.


Ph.D. Learning Technologies (previous Instructional Systems and Technology) , Department of Curriculum and Instruction, University of Minnesota-Twin Cities

Dissertation: Preferences, Pedagogical Strategies,
and Challenges of Instructors Teaching in Multiple Delivery Formats within A 2-Year College Context

M.S. Ed., Art Education, Wayne State College, Nebraska with a minor in Computer Science.
Research Project: Integrating Multimedia Technology into Art Curriculum with Classroom Implementation, 1997.

M.S. Sociology, University of Wisconsin-Madison
Major: Social Psychology focusing on Social Movements
Minors: Journalism and Women's Studies. Thesis Title: Multilevel Analysis of A Social Movement-1947, 228 Social Uprising in Taiwan, 1993.

M.S. Socio-political Science (the Graduate Institute of National Development), National Taiwan University. Thesis: Social Ideology and Gender Roles- Women's Issues in Contemporary society, 1986.

Special Training. Major: Military Education. Political Warfare Academy, Army of Taiwan (due to a national crisis, I joined the Army Academy).

B.A. Sociology, National Taiwan University.

Taipei Municipal First Girls' High School.

Areas of Interests

Innovation in Online Education Programs

TPACK Integration of Emerging Technologies

Equity and Quality of Diverse Learning in the Digital Age

Learning Technologies in the post-secondary educational setting

Interdisciplinary collaborative (Education, Social Science, and Technologies) Learning


Interpersonal, enthusiastic, and helpful with strong work ethics

Multiple language ability: Taiwanese, Mandarin, English, and Japanese

Have taken computer science as a minor.
Knowledgeable of C++, JAVA, Assembly language and Web Design
General Software application: Multi-aid, QuarkXpress, Pagemaker, Microsoft Office
2010,Hyperstudio, Inspiration and variety of social media applications
CMS/LMS: BlackBoard, WebCT, E360, Moodle, Joomla.
Authorize tools: Macromedia (DreamWeaver, and Flash)
Web 3.0, Blog 2.0., Cloud Computing, Photoshop/Photodeluxe, Premiere, Illustrator

PC and Mac proficiency

Visual-art making (2-D: Calligraphy; drawing, traditional ink/painting and mixed media;
3-D: mainly, ceramics and other mixed media

Trained quantitative, qualitative and mixed research methods

Statistic software: Spssx, MaxQDA2, and Minitab


WebCT/BlackBoard/E360 (LMS) Teaching Certificates from UW-Stout and CVTC

Hybrid and Web-conference training Certificates from CVTC

Quality Matters Certified Peer-Reviewer

Web Design and ITV Certificates from UW-Stout

General and Special Higher Civil Service Certificates from Taiwan

Academic Activities and Professional Development

Research, Papers, Posters, Projects, publications, and Professional Development


1993, Title :The February 28, 1947 Uprising in Taiwan:
A Multi-leveled Analysis of Collective Actions Author Li-Chin (Crystal) Huang
Publisher: University of Wisconsin--Madison, 1993
Digitized Feb 19, 2008. Length 172 pages

2004, Title: The Wonder of Tao: A Meditation on Spirituality and Ecological Balance.
Author: James Eggert.
Illustrations and Calligraphy by Li-chin (Crystal) Huang
Green Dragon Publishing. Printed in the United States of America and
the United Kingdom.


2015, Dissertation: Preferences, Pedagogical Strategies,and Challenges of Instructors Teaching in Multiple Delivery Formats within A 2-Year College Context. Dept. of Curriculum and Instruction, Learning Technologies (previous Instructional System and Technology), University of Minnesota-Twin Cities.

1997, Thesis Research Project: Integrating Multimedia Technology into Art Curriculum with Classroom Implementation. Wayne State College.

1986, Thesis: Thesis: Social Ideology and Gender Roles- Women's Issues in Contemporary society. Socio-political Science (the Graduate Institute of National Development), National Taiwan University.
Research Papers/Publications, Posters, and Projects

2012, title: Integrate Learning Technologies into A Social Science Course-Race, Ethnicity and Diversity Studies
Presented at the 28th Distance Teaching and Learning Conference
at UW-Madison, Aug, 2012.
Paper published in the Conference proceedings.

2012, Project Presentation- STEMSS
Project presentation to the future- STEM scientists for the local district.

2009, Title: “What is the Lived Experience of Designing and Teaching Multiple Delivery Methods -Live Meeting, Hybrid, Online, and Face To Face (f2f) within a Semesterat a Technical College Setting”?
Paper presented at the 2009 AECT International Convention, Louisville, KY
Published in the Convention Proceedings, and in the ERIC

2009, Title: Learning Information Technologies as Empowering Tools to Narrow the Gender Gap in the Rural-Urban Spectrum - a Review from Global to Domestic Perspective (Project Leader: Dr. Susan Walker)
Paper presented at the 2009 AECT International Convention, Louisville, KY
Published in the Convention Proceedings, and in the ERIC

2008, Title: Beauty and Artistic Beauty
Presented at University of Minnesota-Twin Cities, 2008

2008, Title: Green and Dao
“The Wonder of the Tao-Six Meditation on Science, Spirit,
and the Future of Economics”
Presented at University of Minnesota- Twin Cities, 2008

2008, Title: Freedom Writers
Presented at University of Minnesota- Twin Cities, 2008

The next 5 accepted research projects, due to my job descriptions (mainly, as hired in a Non-Research Institution of the 2-year college setting, the school budget supports attendees, but not the researcher-presenters at that time), I was unable to attend/present to the conferences.

2015, Research proposal: Title:
“How Could It Be, Two Identical Online Deliveries in One Composite, and One Did So Well,
While the Other… ,
accepted by Association of Educational Communication and
Technologies (AECT) for presentation
at the 2015 International Conference.

2010, Research proposal. Title:
“Struggles and Triumphs– A Female Minority Social Science
Instructor’s Reflection on Sociology Web-conference Course in
Facilitating Disadvantaged Learners”,
accepted by Association of Educational Communication and
Technologies (AECT) for a presentation
at the 2015 International Convention.

2010, Research proposal: Title:
“From Quantity to Quality - Quality Matters! But, What and How Does It Matter?
– Pursuing Online Courses Quality Assurance One Step at
A Time!” accepted by the Association of Educational
Communication and Technologies (AECT)
for a presentation at the 2015 International Convention.

2010, Research proposal. Title:
“Live Meeting: Web-conference Triumph in Sociology Course
facilitation”, accepted by the League of Innovation for a
presentation at the 2010 Maryland Conference.

2010, Research proposal. Title:
“Constructing a Bio-ecological System of Teaching and Learning Environment for 2-year College”, accepted by the League of Innovation 2010 Maryland Conference

-----------------------------------------2008, Quantitative Research Project. Title:“Do The Knowledge Of Using The Internet And The Annual Income Level Affect The Total Life Skill Assessments Of Rural Low Income Mothers”? University of Minnesota - Twin Cities (as part of my collaborative research projects)

2008, Co-presenter: The 16th Midwest Quality Research Conference
Topic: “The Lived Experience of Relocated Teachers in Korea”,
at St. Thomas University.

2008, Co-presenter: “A Brief Introduction to the Multimedia
Enhancer” at UW-Stout.

2008, Co-presenter: “A Mini-presentation: A brief of CMS”
at UW-Stout

2007-8, Collaborative Research Project: Joined the “Rural
Families Speak”
– A Multistate, Longitudinal and Multidisciplinary research
project, focusing on low-income women’s using information
technology, University of Minnesota - Twin Cities.

2007, research project presentation. Title: “Reflection on the Pedagogies of the Oppressor and the
Oppressed”, at University of Minnesota - Twin Cities

2007 The Four Asian Dragons.
Presented at Professor Husby's International Business program

2006, Research paper: Exploration of PCTMK Model of Hybrid Teaching.
Published as an Op-Ed in the Dunn County News.

2004, Collaborative project.
Assisting professor emeritus Jim Eggert as a translator and
illustrator of the Book-
“The Wonder of the Tao- A Meditation on Spirituality &
Ecological Balance”. FL: Brumby Holding, Inc.

2004, Panelist, UW-System Women's Study Consortium
Topic: “A Hermeneutic Phenomenological Study of Childless
Issues in Contemporary American Society”, at UW-Stout.

2003, Keynote speaker:
Annual Spring Awards and Recognition of Multicultural Student
Services at UW-Stout.

2003, Presenter, “A Cultural Sojourner's ‘Courage to teach’ in
Intro-Sociology”, at UW-Stout.

2002, Poster presentation, Student and Faculty Research Day:
”An Action Research Report on a Spontaneous Thematic
Pedagogy in Intro-Sociology”, at UW-Stout.

2002, Panelist- International Forum
AAUW Midwest Regional Conference Presentation:

1.“The Trajectory of Women's Transformation via Education
- 3 Women's Stories”, at Rapid City, South Dakota calligraphy/

2. Story-telling

2001, Teaching Day Display,
“Sociological Pedagogy-Blending Teaching Strategy to Empower Student Active Learning”, at UW-Stout.

2001, Presenter, Professional Development Day:
“Enhancing Active Teaching/Learning Via Electronic application” at UW-Stout.

2001, Research paper:
“A Thematic Approach of Teaching Sociology during September
11th Crisis”, accepted to the Midwest Sociologist Conference


2014 Diversity Pedagogical Project
-The Gettysburg Address recorded in English, Mandarin,
and Taiwanese

Affiliations /Associations

American Education and Research Association (AERA)

Association for Educational Communications and Technologies (AECT)

International Society for Technology Education (ISTE)

Association for Career and Technical Education (ACTE)

Wisconsin Association for Career and Technical Education (WACTE)

National Educational Computing Conference (NECC)


American Sociological Association.

Member of American Association of University Women (AAUW)

Governance Involvements

Executive Secretary of Li-ling Huang Gender Equity Memorial Endowment at Chippewa Valley Technical College (CVTC). (2016 to present).

Sponsor of the Tsai-Huang Memorial Endowment Scholarship at CVTC. (2007 to present).

Adviser of Art Club at CVTC (2016 to present).

Adviser of Diversity Student Organization at CVTC (2011-2013).

Co-chair of Professional Development Committee of
Chippewa Valley Technical College Career and Technical Education Association (2009-2011).

Chair of the Chippewa Valley Technical College Education Association Scholarship Foundation (2010 to present).

CVACTE Event/Year Book Coordinator (2010-11).

Representative of ALC (Academic Leadership Council –WTCS).

Representative to the Advisory Committees of Renal Dialysis, Surgical Technician programs.

Course representative of Art Appreciation and Diversity Studies.

Nominations and Awards

2013, nominated to the Teaching Excellent Award at Chippewa Valley Technical College.

2010, nominated to the Teaching Excellent Award at Chippewa Valley Technical College.

2006, nominated and the recipient of the Regional Outstanding Teacher of Chippewa Valley Technical College.

2001, nominated and the recipient of the Outstanding Contribution to UW-System and Women of Color representing UW-Stout in 2001.

Activities in Taiwan

- 1988: Elected as the Supervisor
of the National Congressional Assistant Association, Taipei.

- 1987-88: Delegate of Taiwan, invited

by both Congresses of Taiwan and the U.S. to observe the

Primaries and Causes in New Hampshire and Iowa as well as

followed the Presidential campaign trails.

- 1984-85: Summer and Winter Camp Speaker. (奉派執行冬令夏令營巡迴演講)

- Twice Campaign Coordinator and Speaker, and later,
the Speech Writer in the Congress. (問質詢總主筆, 競選文宣策劃, 選民服務)

- Executive Secretary and member of Taipei Women Rescue Foundation. (台北婦女救援會執行秘書長)

College and Graduate School at National Taiwan University

- Vice Chairperson

of the Graduate Association of National Taiwan University.

- Due to a National Crisis, I joined the Army Academic.
A retired Captain since 1985.

- Four semesters top 3% students of Sociology Department,

National Taiwan University.

- Selected, members of softball and volleyball varsity teams,
National Taiwan University.

Non-Academic Publications/Writing:

· Calligrapher and illustrator

of The Wonder of the Tao-Six Meditation on Science, Spirit,

and the Future of Economics by Jim Eggert.

A Human Trade Group Publisher, FL., 2004.

· Karma Ode, Burning Snow-Poetry, 2002, (in process).

· "Introductory Miao (Hmong) History and Culture by Tinqgui Li":

Translation,(collaborated with Steve Vang.) Wisconsin, UW-Stout. 2001.

· A Comprehensive History of the Chinese Miao (Hmong) by Xingfue Vue.

Translation. (collaborated with Steve Vang.), Wisconsin, UW-Stout, 2001.

· 10 articles related to cultural phenomena
for the Dunn County News, 1998-1999:

1. A thought to the Humane Society.

2. Homeopathy- a look from a tradition medical perspective.

3. The sociocultural perspective to Mulan.

4. Gua Sha-the traditional home remedy.

5. Halloween in the U.S. vs. Ghost Festival in Asia.

6. Organic products and its co-op practice.

7. Bosnia first hand report-Military sisters.

8. A cultural-sojourner's multicultural perspective.

9. Mini international house-visit the "Sharon the ambassador".

10.The legends behind Chinese New Year in Taiwan.

Selected writing/proposals as A Congressional Aide:

· “Women and Social Order,”

The Research and Assessment Monthly, Taipei, Taiwan, 1990.

· “The Interpellation to the Central Government”

- a compilation of 3 volumes (300 articles) relating to social welfare

and political system reformation drafted by me when working at


Some articles related to Women's issues are:

1. A proposal for "Equal Right, Equal Pay and Equal Opportunity of Employment

for both genders." September 29th,1987, the 80th session Legislative Yuan.

2. A proposal to Establish the "'Ministry of Women's Affairs'

to implement the Social Welfare for Women."

January 6th, 1988, the 80th, session, Legislative Yuan.

3. An interpellation on the issue of the Dilemma of

Single Parent and Divorced Women. January 19th,

1988.the 80th session, Legislative Yuan.

4. An interpellation on the issue of "the Myth of Marriage and

Increasingly Dysfunctional Families in contemporary society."

January 18th, 1987, the 80th session, Legislative Yuan.

· Personal Quantitative Research Project:

"Gender and Political Tolerance-The Study of Dane County,

Wisconsin." UW-Madison, 1992.


Enjoy reading, writing, poetry, music, cooking, visual art-making, nature and pet-caring.

Like to play basketball, ping pong, volleyball, tennis, softball, swimming, and hiking.

Li-chin (Crystal) Huang

Chippewa Valley Technical College

620 W. Clairemont Ave.Eau Claire, WI 54701



Learning and Teaching of Crystal Li-chin Huang